What is/are Epinephrine Injection?
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death It typically causes a number of symptoms including an itchy rash, throat swelling, and low blood pressure. Common causes include insect bites/stings, foods, and medications.
On a pathophysiologic level, anaphylaxis is caused by the release of mediators from certain types of white blood cells triggered either by immunologic or non-immunologic mechanisms. It is diagnosed based on the presenting symptoms and signs. The primary treatment is injection of epinephrine, with other measures being complementary.
Worldwide 0.05–2% of people are estimated to have anaphylaxis at some point in their life and rates appear to be increasing. The term comes from the Greek words ἀνά ana, against, and φύλαξις phylaxis, protection.
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Pale skin;
- Feeling short of breath;
- Weakness or tremors;
- Headache; or
- Feeling nervous or anxious.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Epinephrine Injection, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.