Lodoxamide Ophthalmic

 
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What is/are Lodoxamide Ophthalmic?

Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy. Although allergens differ between patients, the most common cause is hay fever. Symptoms consist of redness (mainly due to vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels), oedema (swelling) of the conjunctiva, itching and increased lacrimation (production of tears). If this is combined with rhinitis, the condition is termed allergic rhinoconjunctivitis.

The symptoms are due to release of histamine and other active substances by mast cells, which stimulate dilation of blood vessels, irritate nerve endings and increase secretion of tears.

Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis is by avoiding the allergen (e.g. avoiding grass in bloom during the "hay fever season") and treatment with antihistamines, either topical (in the form of eye drops), or systemic (in the form of tablets). Antihistamines, medication that stabilizes mast cells, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are safe and usually effective.

Medical uses

The cause of allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic reaction of the body's immune system to an allergen. Allergic conjunctivitis is common in people who have other signs of allergic disease such as hay fever, asthma and eczema.

Among the most common allergens that cause conjunctivitis are:

  •     Pollen from trees, grass and ragweed
  •     Animal skin and secretions such as saliva
  •     Perfumes
  •     Cosmetics
  •     Skin medicines
  •     Air pollution
  •     Smoke
  •     Dust mites
  •     Eye drops

Most cases of seasonal conjunctivitis are due to pollen and occur in the hay fever season, grass pollens in early summer and various other pollens and moulds may cause symptoms later in the summer.[8]

Perennial conjunctivitis is commonly due to an allergy to house dust mite (a tiny insect-like creature that lives in every home).Giant papillary conjunctivitis is a very rare condition that is mainly caused by an allergic reaction to "debris". Surgery may also cause this type of allergic conjunctivitis.

Contact dermatoconjunctivitis is caused by the rest of the allergens that conjunctiva may come into contact with: cosmetics, medications and so on.

Adverse effects

  •     Mild burning, stinging, or eye irritation;
  •     Eye itching, watering, pain, or redness;
  •     Blurred vision;
  •     Dry eyes;
  •     Swollen or puffy eye lids;
  •     Feeling that something is in your eye; or
  •     Crusting or drainage from your eyes.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Lodoxamide Ophthalmic, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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